You will be positioned on the examining table on your side, rolled forward slightly. Please contact your physician with specific medical questions or for a referral to a radiologist or other physician. Pressure will be applied to prevent any bleeding and the opening in the skin is covered with a bandage. You will be given a gown to wear during the procedure. This diagnostic procedure — also called a discogram — is a controversial one.
Rahman Concert in , 2010 Studio albums 27 Live albums 3 Compilation albums 5 Soundtrack albums 1 This article includes the of Indian singer and composer. The lumbar discogram, if performed properly, is designed to induce pain in a sensitive disc. This injection may temporarily reproduce the patient's back pain symptoms. By Ross Laird and Brian Rust. A discogram, or discography, is an interventional diagnostic imaging test that helps determine whether a specific may be the source of back pain. You may be connected to monitors that track your heart rate, blood pressure and pulse during the procedure.
What will I experience during and after the procedure? See the for more information about radiation dose. . What does the equipment look like? Plan to have someone drive you home. Since a spine fusion procedure carries a significant level of risk and healing time, the more information that can be obtained prior to the better. See the for more information about pregnancy and x-rays. Your intravenous line will be removed. You may be asked to wear a gown.
As the passes through your body, you may experience a warm feeling which quickly subsides. Women should always inform their physician and x-ray if there is any possibility that they are pregnant. Other tests, such as myelography or discography, are often used in some situations to address specific clinical questions prior to performing surgical procedures. Guided by real-time x-ray images , the physician will insert a needle through your skin into the center of the disc being examined. Outside links: For the convenience of our users, RadiologyInfo. A discogram is usually recommended after conservative treatment, such as medication or physical therapy, over a period of four to six months fails to alleviate back pain. Different parts of the body absorb the x-rays in varying degrees.
When discs bulge or rupture, they may press on the nerves of the spinal column and cause pain or weakness. How is the procedure performed? Modern x-ray systems have very controlled x-ray beams and dose control methods to minimize stray scatter radiation. How does the procedure work? Many imaging tests are not performed during pregnancy so as not to expose the to radiation. Discography is the study and listing of the details concerning , often by specified artists or within identified musical genres. Veritas Health publishes original and accessible health related content written by more than 100 physician authors and peer-reviewed by a. You may have some pain at the injection site for several hours after you go home. Prior to your procedure, your blood may be tested to determine how well your kidneys are functioning and whether your blood clots normally.
Hair at or near the site of the discography procedure will also be shaved. The Veritas Health platform comprising of , , , and , provides comprehensive information on back pain, arthritis, sports injuries, and chronic pain conditions. If you have not already provided your radiologist with prior relevant imaging exams e. However, the benefit of an accurate diagnosis far outweighs the risk. You must be awake during the procedure in order to communicate any of the symptoms that you are experiencing during the test.
Leave jewelry at home and wear loose, comfortable clothing. The equipment typically used for this examination consists of a radiographic table, one or two x-ray tubes and a television-like monitor that is located in the examining room. You will be asked and reminded to remain very still during the procedure. National and international radiology protection organizations continually review and update the technique standards used by radiology professionals. As a result, bones appear white on the x-ray, soft tissue shows up in shades of gray and air appears black. Dense bone absorbs much of the radiation while soft tissue, such as muscle, fat and organs, allow more of the x-rays to pass through them.
It is well known to discographers that a really abnormal looking disc may not be painful and a minimally disrupted disc may be associated with severe pain. The chance of infection requiring antibiotic treatment appears to be less than one in 1,000. The discography consists of 27 , three , five , one film soundtrack and several film songs sung by him. The exact information included varies depending on the type and scope of the discography, but a discography entry for a specific recording will often list such details as the names of the artists involved, the time and place of the recording, the title of the piece performed, release dates, chart positions, and sales figures. A follow-up examination may also be necessary so that any change in a known abnormality can be monitored over time.
Out of the 27 studio albums, 24 are solo albums and three are albums by the band , consisting Hariharan and. Until recently, x-ray images were maintained on large film sheets much like a large photographic negative. Listed are all the albums and the notable film songs sung by him in order of their release. Because a disc can be damaged without causing pain, the results of a discogram are usually combined with other test results to determine a treatment plan. Still images or movies are also captured and stored electronically on a computer. Most of the sensation is at the skin incision site, which is numbed using local anesthetic. Unique Aspects of Discography It should be understood that the discogram is less about the anatomy of the disc what the disc looks like and more about its physiology determining if the disc is painful.
To locate a medical imaging or radiation oncology provider in your community, you can search the. These stored images are easily accessible for diagnosis and disease management. Jazz fans did research and self published discographies about when jazz records were made and what musicians were on the records, as record companies did not commonly include that information on or with the records at that time. Two early jazz discographies were Rhythm on Record by and Hot Discography by. Who interprets the results and how do I get them? You may feel pain or discomfort during needle insertion as the needle is guided towards the disc of interest. When a variety of spinal diagnostic procedures have failed to elucidate the primary pain generator, these individuals may benefit from lumbar discography especially if spine surgery is contemplated.